24 June 2021 - FitEvent Programme
First results about ProAKAP4 concentration in stallion semen after cryopreservation in two different freezing media
The quality of fresh or thawed sperm in stallions has been generally determined by the viability and total and progressive motility of the sperm. Today, the expression of ProAKAP4, a protein present in the flagellum of spermatozoa, appears to be an innovative and relevant functional marker to assess semen quality and male fertility. This study aims to compare the concentration of ProAKAP4 in the semen from 5 stallions frozen with two different extenders immediately after thawing (T0) and 4 hours post-thawing (T4). Viability, total and progressive motility were measured in parallel. Significant differences for sperm viability and total motility were observed between the two extenders, as was the concentration of ProAKAP4 both at T0 and T4. At T4, all quality parameters and proAKAP4 content significantly decreased compared to T0, but with a considerably slower decrease in one extender than the other. These preliminary results suggest that measuring the concentration of ProAKAP4 is a promising tool for the comparison of different extenders and the selection of the optimal freezing medium for each stallion ejaculate.